The black Americans who are mostly referred to as ...
American Literature "Negros"
The black Americans who are mostly referred to as Negros
are the African inhabitants who found their way to America during the slavery period. African chiefs sold them in exchange for finished goods and weapons. The American
slave dealers used strong and able
African men to provide labour and
handwork in farms and other fields. The fact that they were bought from their motherland
made them face very harsh treatment from
the Americans. They were seen less than a
human being and more than animals.
However, several black legends like DuBois, Washington and Martin Luther King
spoke and wrote about the problems their race faced and the fought for the
freedom of black people in America. I read through their works of literature, and it was clear that black people
had no rights as American citizens and they were misused and underrated. The
whites did not consider giving them a token of appreciation even after they
worked for them for many years.
work of Washington is an example of the black Americans who were able to
liberate themselves from slavery by being educated.
Despite the hardships that the black people faced such as lack of basic need,
education or even land, some of the were able to struggle and get educated
which is the main key to success. When a Negro
was educated, as I read in Up from
Slavery, they could get better jobs other than working on the farms for the whites (Washington 14). Washington is a good
example of a black child who grew in the real
black environment as he says that he
never knew his father. His mother was a cook in white man’s farm, and she used to steal food to feed her
family. Such women are symbols of the challenges that were faced by black
women. They were forced to sleep with their employer which is a form of rape, and they gave birth to children who did
not have fathers. Most of the black fathers
died in submission to the whites and even wars.
who were born from such circumstances faced a lot of problems as their mother
was the only breadwinner. Their mothers had to toil day and night to at least get them food. The role of women as
homemakers is altered to the breadwinner
at this stage, and the women struggle to provide for their families (Washington
34). Other needs like shelter, clothes and shoes were not a priority as
Washington notes that his first pair of shoes was made from wood and was very
uncomfortable. Under contrary, the white owners would have paid the slaves
better wages to look after the children
they gave them, but they did not.
However, Washington is an example of black kids who were able to struggle and
change the face of black people. He is one of those who worked hard to prove
the whites that even black people could be better than farm workers. He underwent every type of challenge to be
educated and later he was able to be a teacher and marry an educated woman who
together they brought up a bright family.
The Souls of Black, Dubois also explains the experience of the blacks after the
period of reconstruction. It is during
this period that America began to be industrialised, and everybody was after
material wealth and possession and wealth.
He explains how skilled labour was needed in the industry and thus the need
for the black people to get the skills to
get jobs aroused. Black men as explained
by Dubois had a lot of skills from the
exploitation in the slavery, but they
needed to be trained again through education to
work in the industries (Du Bois 24). Dubois introduces a new phase of the black
people in America. They were at last given a
chance to work with the white people in more decent jobs. It is also the
period of development of religion in the black people
culture. Due to the submission they faced from the whites, black people had
only God to turn to, and therefore
religion was upheld greatly by most of
speech that Martin Luther king made is still memorable up to date because
he gave black people morale to fight on. He acted as the voice of blacks as he
spoke out the submission and exploitation of
black people by the whites. He says that the Negroes are on an island of poverty in the midst of seas of wealth
to symbolize how the white people were
wealthy but still could not help their fellow brothers because of the
difference in the skin colour (King 13).
He talks about his dream that he dreamt white people
are seeing the black people as brothers and sisters and living together
without discrimination. The dream of
justice by Martin Luther king shows that
the blacks were still in slavery indirectly to the whites, they had no rights
conclusion, I would say that in the next 50 years, due to the progress the
African American have made since independence, they will dominate America. I
stand by this argument because the black
Americans have directly got involved in the industrialization
progress and thus they have the skills needed,
unlike the whites who have the theory. It is also right to say that black
people have made it in proving that they are worth to be listened and treated
fairly as per the constitution. Indeed, Martin Luther dream has come true as
the whites and blacks are working together in recent days.
Du Bois, William Edward
Burghardt, and Brent Hayes Edwards. The
souls of black folk. Oxford University Press, 2008.
King, Martin Luther. I have a dream. Edizioni
Washington, Booker T. Up from slavery. Penguin, 1986.