Global corruption ( Education
Global corruption ( Education
Question 1 :Why does education
corruption have the greatest global impact?
Question 2 :How to solve the education
Global corruption: Education corruption
No single organization is immune to corruption;
hardly a week goes without occurrence of an incidence of corruption. Most countries,
especially the developing ones, corruption is associated to high rates of
inflation and cost of living and very little salaries earned. In the recent
past the prices have been hiking to the ceiling while there is a minimal or no
increase in the salaries to keep in pace with the rise in the economy. This has
seen people wanting to generate funds in most controversial ways which
definitely yield to corruption. Corruption has penetrated through many areas in
the society with education sector being among the most affected.
Corruption in this sector is not only
associated to individual students, teachers, faculty and institution but has
spread all over the whole country (Altbach, 2015, p.39). Surprisingly, some
actors in this sector voluntarily conspire in the act even when they are aware
of the harmful results of the vice. According to Osipian, A. (2009) corruption
results from the pressure to secure positions in prestigious universities and
to succeed thereafter, where parents do not even care if the marks were fairly
earned or bought. As a result many teachers take advantage of their position
and receive money for their illegal deal in an effort to raise extra income. Many
teachers receive little salaries and have a broader responsibility to meet;
this in return makes them the most vulnerable engage in dishonest way of
Also corruption starts at the very
initial stage of pre-unit level during admission process. Many teachers would
refuse to accept new kids with a invent reason that their premises is too small
to accommodate new kids (Altbach, 2015, p.55). Surprisingly the act is
conducted in front of the young kid who gets a clue that one has to bribe to attain
some rights. This act has negative repercussions to the kid who finally grows
into an adult fully equipped with strategies on how to conduct the act. The
cycle continues by passing the knowledge of corruption from one generation to
the next. Henceforth, the efforts to fight corruption are made unsuccessful as
it is in almost every persons mind even the kid’s children.
Amazingly, Others parent are willingly
bribe teachers to emphasize on their children’s learning progress in school. Some
parents would go to the level of rewarding teachers’ great deal in order to
give undivided attention to their children. So sad to say, children whose
parents didn’t bribe get little or no attention at all in class. This has an
adverse effect to the education of the less fortunate who have no idea on what
is cooking. Funny enough, others rewards teacher to coarse them to award their children
high marks to enable them secure good position in college or universities, even
when they are not of worth it.
Students, especially those in college
and university, relax and don’t take studies seriously throughout their college
time. They are well aware on how to conduct the act of corruption where they lure
the lectures into their charms by bribing them to be awarded best results. According
to a recent report, some female students graduate by acquiring sexually transmitted
degrees (OECD, 2012). Corruption therefore leads the production of unschooled
ill trained work force in the society. They are so many
people in the society who are baptized big titles regarding to their
educational excellence which were not fairly earned and as a result offer very
poor services to the society. Some higher education bodies operate within fake
accretions obtained through counterfeit accrediting bodies. Students’ end up
losing heavily having invested a lot of their time in studying only to find it
was a sham institution.
It is so devastating for the students
to come into conclusion that school and university admissions and marks can
bought, as this would jeopardize the country’s political and economic future.
Corruption is education is a plague that needs to be dealt with from all angles
otherwise the vice might turn education into mare socialization ground where no
professional skills are gained.
How to solve education corruption
Recent studies conducted reveled that
situation of corruption is even worsening in the education sector and
highlighted insight of the seriousness of the situation (Segal and Jacobs 2005).
Hopefully, all is not lost as there are some possible ways to rectify the
situation or tame corruption in the sector.
Some of the most recommendable ways include a sound system of
determining the root, systemic cause
for the corruption, and the legal framework in the education sector should be
developed. A common saying goes that the
best ways to deal with diseases is to cure the cause.
Hallak and Poisson (2002) insisted
that, pointing out the shortcomings that ignites and fuels malpractices which
yield to corruption is indispensable way to aid in the fight for corruption. This
involves pointing out the gaps in the financing requirements, legal
requirements and regulatory structures that enhance corruption. The deficiencies
in these areas put the students, parents and teachers in a more tempting situation
to commit the act. Addressing and covering these gaps tends to curb or tame corruption
at a greater level.
Server legal actions should be
formulated in an effort to mitigate corruption. These include acts like
penalties fines and imprisonment for those caught in the act. A widespread and
vigorous process of awareness of the adverse effect of corruption to the public
should be initiated. To combat corruption in education, there is need to
improve skills in management, accounting, monitoring and the audit presses
surrounding the system. Thorough training of administrative staff and all other
stakeholders at all levels would play a major role in reducing corruption. Also
creating awareness and access to the information for the public at large will
offer a platform for public participation and social controls. This ensures
that the public, school and all other stakeholders are sufficiently informed on
ways to defect fraud and to claim what they rightfully deserve.
The government should form commissions
on ethic, transparency and integrity in education sector. These bodies would
pray a vital role in formulating the best practices on integrity and
transparency in education, create awareness, and engage all the stakeholders to
commit to positive ethical practices and to develop solutions to tackle
corruption in the system (Collectif, 2015).
Addressing teachers’ management and
professional codes of conduct is an important area of reform in the sector. Teacher’s
management process should incorporate ways to address remuneration issues as
these are some of many ways which initiate involvement in malpractices. In regard
to the professional codes, national and legal framework should be established
to discourage the perpetrators and protect the victims of corruption (Osipian,
These codes would improve performance and
enhance professional behaviors as well as address malpractices resulting from corruption
such as absenteeism and sexual harassment
Integration of education management
information system (EMIS) should be given first priority. This system enhances
genuineness in the area by offering a more robust way of collecting, analyzing
and making available education data in a genuine manner (Segal and Jacob 2005).
EIMS generates reliable data which in return makes the inequality and discrepancies
in the system more evident and make decision making process more productive in
a given context.
Although the vice seams to spread all
over the education system, there is still some hope for remedial process. As
stated by Washburn (2006) the events that give rise corruption should be
addressed to help in mitigating the act. Formulation of ethical practices and
adherence to the same prays a vital role in fighting corruption.
Altbach, P. (2015). A
New Initiative: The Higher Education Corruption Monitor. International
Higher Education, (39).
Collectif. (2014). Ensuring quality education -
Recommendation CM. Council of Europe. http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=3138802
Hallak, J., & Poisson, M. (2002). Ethics and
corruption in education: results from the expert workshop held at the IIEP,
Paris, 28-29 November 2001. Paris, International Institute for Educational
ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT.
(2012). Strengthening integrity and fighting corruption in education:
Serbia. Paris, OECD. http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=1057631
Osipian, A. (2009). Glossary of Higher Education
Corruption. SSRN Electronic Journal.
Segal, L. G., & Jacobs, J. B. (2005). Battling
corruption in America's public schools. Cambridge (Mass.), Harvard
Washburn, J. (2006). University, Inc.: the corporate
corruption of American higher education. New York, Basic Books. http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=904159