Biogeograpy of Clouded Leopards in Southeast Asia | My Paper Hub
review is about researches that...
review is about researches that have been done concerning the biogeography of
clouded leopards of Southeast Asia. It highlights on the specific countries
(Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, China and others) that the species is found. The
review mainly discusses the geology of the species and the factors affecting
its geographical distribution. Extinction being the biggest problem has taken
up most of the discussion.
on the various researches was done to identify the gap in the research on the
species. The species faces a risk of being extinct, which might have
implications for the ecosystem. The problems have been discussed in details and
various recommendations made to mitigate the problems. Some researchers that
have been presented provided new insight on the topic and opened a different
viewpoint on dealing with the problem of losing biodiversity.
review will be of help in further research on the subject and also may be of
help in making decisions concerning the issue at hand. The review may be of
help to other scholars because it provides lots of information and clarity to
the reader. It talks about a topic that affects the species being discussed and
many more species. Therefore, the solutions offered here are not only
applicable to the present case but on others too.
1986 the status of clouded leopard has been vulnerable ("Neofelis nebulosa
(Clouded Leopard, Clouded Leopard)", 2016). However, this was made
official in 2008 when the ICUN published its status. The species has been on
the decline and if not checked would lead to extinction. The clouded leopard is
one the smallest of the big cats and seems to have a link of evolution between the
small and the big cats. The clouded leopards live in the dense tropical forest
of southeast Asian. In the past, the clouded leopard was classified as one
species, but the species was split from 2006 to the Sunda clouded leopard found
in Sumatra and Borne (Island) and clouded leopard found on the mainland. Their
scientific names are (Neofelis diardi) and (Neofelis nebulosi) respectively.
("Clouded Leopard - Cats - Research Guides at Harvard Library", 2016)
clouded leopard is an elusive animal hence, focus on the study of this animal
have been difficult. Another disadvantage is that the animal is nocturnal, and
spends most of its daytime on trees. Study of the animal, therefore, becomes
difficult especially when there are no means of tracking it down (Wilting et
al., 2007). The cause of vulnerability of the clouded leopard, however, has
been attributed to the loss of habitat as a result of deforestation and direct
exploitation where they are killed for their beautiful hide and for traditional
medicine by the Chinese. ("Basic Facts About Clouded Leopards", 2012)
review is about the various countries in the Southeast Asia and their efforts
in protection of the clouded leopard in preventing the extinction of this
species. It also gives recommendations on areas where the countries have failed
to achieve the goal of protecting the species.
Thailand poaching of endangered species is a consistent problem. As mentioned
earlier, the clouded leopard is hunted for its beautiful pelt to be sold in a marketplace
known as Chatuchak in Bangkok, the capital of Thailand ("Thailand Clouded
Leopard Consortium - National Zoo| FONZ," 2016). To conserve this species,
Dr.Lon Grassman was based in Phu Khieo since 1998 to 2002 conducting an
ecological study of the endangered species.
study involved capturing of a sample of clouded leopards, and the other sample
left in the wild. To be able to track the ones in the wild were set in the
natural habitat. There was a difficulty in following them since they are nocturnal.
In his findings, he was able to determine that the clouded leopard has
difficulties in reproducing when in captivity ("Ecology and Conservation
of the Clouded Leopard," 2016).
ones in the wild were captured by poachers and could not survive for long in
the environment. His research seems to support capturing of the clouded leopard
and genetically altering its molecular formation to conserve and ensure that
the species does not become extinct. His
work has been backed up by his decision to continue his study in Thailand in
collaboration with other scientists ("Ecology and Conservation of the
Clouded Leopard", 2016).
China, the clouded cat is known as ‘mint leopard’ because of the spots on its
pelt which is similar to those of mint leaves. The clouded leopard in China can
be found in forestry regions in the southern area of the country below Qinling
Mountains. The period between 1950 and mid-1980, the Chinese government had
allowed its citizens access the forest and utilize it as it was one of the
primary resources ("endangered cats | International Society For Endangered
Cats | Page 7", 2016). The country was dealing with poverty and therefore
the forest use to provide some of the essential resource like wood, meat from
the animals and also grazing grounds for their livestock which caused a severe
effect on the ecological biodiversity. The results led to the vulnerability of
the clouded leopard which caused them to reduce drastically in numbers.
conserve this vulnerable species the Chinese government in 1998 put up Laws
that forbid people from poaching the animals for medicine, or destroying the
habitats. They set up conservational facilities in different levels, and the
basis of the divisions was mainly on the significance of the protected area.
The levels include; National, Provincial and County parts ("endangered
cats | International Society For Endangered Cats | Page 7", 2016).
the country has put up these regulations, there are always the people who go
against the laws and poach. There is also a high case in human-wildlife
conflict since the proximity of the natural habitat for the clouded leopard to
the human settlement areas is close and so cases are reported of the wild
animals being seen in the settlement areas or attacking the domestic animals at
leopards occur in Nepal and some parts of India. However, these countries do
not have specific regulations to protect the vulnerable species. The states
have set laws to take care of conservation establishments and which also be in
charge of wildlife in these countries. Due to this negligence the clouded
leopard may become endangered and in the end, it becomes extinct. The situation
would be a repeat of what happened in Taiwan ("Clouded Leopard (Neofelis
nebulosa) - Animals - A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Information, Pictures,
Videos, Resources and Links", 2016).
are grave consequences in neglecting clouded leopards. The problems are the
loss of biodiversity and species which will cause an imbalance in the
ecosystem. The researchers have covered the evolution of the clouded leopard
over the past years and have been able, in the recent past to classify another
species of the clouded leopard. However, their efforts in this would be of no
significance if the species they uncover became extinct.
various researches, it has been seen that the main factors that will cause the extinction
are, human-wildlife conflict. An example of this conflict is where the animals
attack the people in their homes. The reason why this may happen is when there
is a lot of deforestation and the animals to not have anything to eat (due to
the migration of prey) they might attack the homesteads looking for food and
end up eating the livestock or attacking the human beings on the way. The attacks might put a lot of pressure on
the authorities, on the other hand, the people end up counting losses. The
animal involved if caught by the angry residents may end up being killed.
other factor that may be associated with causing extinction is the lack of
proper rules and regulations to protect the vulnerable species (clouded
leopard). Governments in the countries involved have tried to formulate rules
to prevent harm to the animal like poaching for their hide or their medicinal
value, but there is still a significant problem since the people are still in
the poaching business.
is another problem that is caused by human beings. Clouded leopards spent most
of their life on trees (Wilting et al., 2007). By cutting down trees and
destroying the forests, human beings render the animals homeless. They might
not be able to survive in the changed environment.
problem of poaching has been there and will always be there not unless there is
the implementation of severe penalties on those caught in the illegal business.
The governments like China, Thailand, India, and Nepal should come together and
form a foundation that will cater for the issues concerning the clouded
the case of human-wildlife conflict, the authorities involved in handling the
animals should be proactive to prevent the attacks by the animals. Measures should
be put in place to prevent the intrusion by the animals in homesteads. They
could be done by using barriers like an electric fence of the conservation. In
case there is an attack, proper compensation should be done to the people
Finally, Dr. Lon Grassman’s research should be
used in ensuring that the biodiversity of the clouded leopard continues. The
research involves the assistance of the clouded leopard mating in captivity.
The research, therefore, finds some loopholes in the protection and
conservation of the clouded leopard and would be useful to further research on
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