1. What should be included in a “gender-specific” rehabilitation
Addiction is a serious condition that affects all genders. However, research indicates that men and women do not get ‘hooked’ for the same reasons. As such, gender-specific rehabilitation is recommended by experts. A gender-specific treatment program is tailor-made to suit the unique needs of a particular gender. It is also called a single-sex or gender-separate program. Patients of “gender-specific” programs should not engage with patients of the opposite gender ("The Benefits of Gender-Specific Treatment Programs | JourneyPure", 2018). Therefore, a hypothetical woman being admitted to a male-dominated rehabilitation program and given a booklet on recovery for women doesn’t make the program “gender specific.”
Single-gender programs exist for both men and women. Such treatment programs should be offered because people of the same gender tend to be more comfortable with each other and can discuss common experiences without fear of being embarrassed or judged. That makes it easier for them to work towards recovery together. Some components to be included in such programs include; sexual abuse, stigma, domestic violence, discrimination, and behavioral addiction including sex addiction. These components are specific because people of opposite sexes might not be comfortable sharing them. "Gender-specific" rehabilitation is an effective way to achieve successful rehabilitation as indicated by studies (Miller, 2018).
2. Cross-cultural diagnosis
Culture may not only mold group attitudes or values, but it can also shape perceptions of what works or what is helpful or what isn’t as well as diagnosis. Cross-cultural diagnosis is a popular term, especially in psychiatry. Special knowledge and assistance is required for accurate diagnosis of patients since they come from various cultural backgrounds. The sociocultural environment within which a patient functions or lives is essential when separating culture-bound behaviors and beliefs from psychopathology (Alarcon, 2009). Despite the fact that patients come from different backgrounds, experts have shown that it’s possible to apply diagnostic standards that have been developed within one culture on a different culture. For instance, professionals have explored the cross-cultural aspects of alcoholism as well as anxiety disorders while some like psychosis appear as problematic. Other conditions such as depression may either work or be problematic depending on circumstances (Jeffrey, 2015).
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