the relationship of wealth to virtue in F...
the relationship of wealth to virtue in Franklin's Autobiography.
Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin is very significant historical as well as literary
work. Among the most important themes in the Autobiography as well as one
that Franklin takes apparent pleasure in placing emphasis on is his surprising
ascent from poverty along with obscurity to means and an icon. The major stated
aim of the work found in the Autobiography is to emphasize the contrast that
existed between Franklin’s humble start and his later accomplishment, and to
illustrate the means through which it was attained. Franklin invites his
audience to think about the contrast that exist between his initial unkempt
appearance while in Philadelphia with the wealth and reputation that he
attained there. His first rise to the political office portrays similar
reflections. It is to some extent the eminence of this theme that makes
Franklin’s Autobiography as a highlight on worldly success so distinctive. Permissiveness in the direction of the
impulse to material development is definitely one of the primary, as well as
apparent lessons that is found in the Autobiography. However, it is as well
among the most misconstrued.
passage that is found on the “Art of Virtue” (1062, 148-60), which is perhaps
the most well-known in Franklin’s Autobiography, is distinctive. Franklin puts
forward a list of thirteen virtues, together with a technique (the Art of
Virtue) intended to permit any individual to become skilled in them. In order
to follow this approach, Franklin depicts the virtues as influential, as
helpful. He makes sure that his audience
that his individual success as well as happiness in life are because of
their cultivation. In addition, he provides an essentially utilitarian theory
of virtue: “Vicious Actions are not hurtful because they are forbidden, but
forbidden because they are hurtful, the Nature of Man alone considered.”
idea that virtue is an individual’s interest in a narrow and economic sense corresponds
to only the first level of the moral teaching in the Autobiography. According
to, the Autobiography aims at addressing a wider audience as well as deliver a
message that is morally less elementary. This is apparently in how the
Autobiography develops its most acquisitive themes. Frugality and industry are
the most important virtues in the Autobiography, and they are somewhat narrowly
linked to money-making; and therefore, Franklin commends them highly as such.
However, he is as well cautious to subordinate them to higher goods in addition
to other virtues that economic welfare paves the way to. Franklin describes
frugality as incurring no expense “but to do good to others or yourself” (1964,
149). He goes ahead to justify his enclosure of it as well as industry in the
list of virtues by asserting that the wealth that these two accumulates makes
possible for a greater sincerity in addition to justice. As the Autobiography
has it, virtue is “the way of procuring wealth” but the purpose of wealth is to
“secure virtues” in return (p.159). Franklin attributes to both frugality and
industry the “acquirement of his fortune, by means of all that knowledge that
made it possible for him to become a valuable citizen and obtained some degree
of reputation for him amongst the learned” (p.157).
makes these virtues, particularly frugality and industry, influential during
the accumulation of wealth.
cooperation that took place at the London Economic Conference crumpled as well
as the disarmament agreement did not succeed in terms of materializing during
the Geneva Conference, Roosevelt drew back from active cooperation with the
Europeans. Roosevelt refused to consent with the call to peg the value that the
U.S. dollar had in relation to other currencies due to the fact that he felt it
might impair his efforts to increase the farm prices in the U.S.
US had entered into a period of isolation where popular opinion would be a
crucial aspect in dictating the foreign policies. This is a practice that was
able to survive a better part of the decade as Franklin D. Roosevelt could not
just avoid paying attention to the masses, as well as isolationist policy.
Roosevelt had been unimpeded on most of the foreign policy efforts. The US
would have been efforts to offer help earlier during World War II and therefore
keep away from the massive military upsurge as well as delivery of any aid.
However, he took that chance to extend the acknowledgment of the Soviet Union
in addition to making significant enhancements in the U.S. relationship with
the Latin America by means of the Good Neighbor Policy.
supported a new approach in relation to the foreign affairs through the Good
Neighbor Policy. Nevertheless, it was not actually a new approach as the former
President, Hoover, had initiated a policy of cooperation with the Latin America
Nations. The Latin America nations were delighted by Roosevelt’s desertion of
interventionism. The idea of cooperation was agreed upon when Secretary Cordell
Hull went for a Pam Americanism Conference that took place in 1933 in Uruguay.
non-intervention policy was executed through the following the following
methods. Firstly, the U.S. withdrew its marines from Haiti. Secondly, a new
agreement was signed with Cuba where there was the nullification of the Platt
Amendment. Thirdly, the United States gave up the right to police the Panama
government in the year 1939. In addition, the United States also gave up the
control of finances that belonged to the Dominican Republic. Lastly, it
captured both the oil and farmlands that American citizens had, leading to the
repudiation of the dollar.
Good Neighbor Policy was a constant policy adopted by Roosevelt, and not merely
a campaign slogan. Franklin D. Roosevelt demonstrated that the U.S. was
prepared to stop its domination in weaker countries through its observance of
the Declaration of Principles of Inter-American Solidarity, in addition to the
promise that the Latin America nations would be treated as being equal.
the illustration of Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt replaced economic nationalism
by means of economic cooperation. The U.S., under the leadership of Roosevelt,
made reciprocity treaties with other 15 diverse Latin American nations. In
addition, the capital of the U.S. government steadily reinstated private
investments by means of the Export-Import Bank as well as the US Treasury
Department. Franklin D. Roosevelt improved, approximately by double, the yearly
payments that were made to Panama for the canal rights.
1939, subsequent to the eruption of war in Europe, the initial Declaration of
Lima was made firm at a conference that took place in Panama with the aim of
securing the sovereignty, political liberty of the American nations as well as
arrange the mechanism of making the declaration efficient, with the Latin
American nations as co-equal partners. As a result, the Monroe Doctrine was
made more compelling through changing it from a one-sided U.S. doctrine to a
many-sided Pan-American doctrine.
initial Neutrality Acts took care of the war between nations, and it did not
manage civil wars. The Neutrality Act that took place in 1937 harmed the
Loyalist government that was in Spain. The Neutrality Act that was adopted in
1937 made the United States to be a silent collaborator with Hitler as Germany
was not impeded in sending supplies to the rebel forces that were led by
General Franco, whereas the US was impeded in remitting supplies to the
Loyalist Administration. The Germans took the proof of American Isolation as
reinforcement to the Anglo-French appeasement policies. The Act as well was not
helpful to the Chinese who were battling the Japanese invasion.
persecution of the German-Jews in Germany between the years 1934 to 1936 made
many Jewish-American groups stage demonstrations. There was no eagerness in the
eagerness of bringing German-Jews to the US due to the economics of the Great
Depression. The high rate of unemployment made Roosevelt’s administration to
uphold Hoover’s administrative order of not admitting people who were highly
probable to become public charges to the United States government. The
administration of Roosevelt even refused to grant whatever amount of funds to
the League of Nations.
intentional Japanese attack on Panay, an American gun boat in China, left many
US citizens unmoved. Most of the US citizens deliberated that American out to
entirely get out of China. Franklin D. Roosevelt supplied China with a number
of supplies since Japan had not made a declaration of war on China although it
was fighting a war. The lack of declaration of war on the part of the Japanese
offered an escape in the Neutrality Act that made it possible for Roosevelt to
send aid to the United States. The technicality that the Neutrality Act enabled
the Japanese to execute 90 percent of her needs for copper as well as metal
scraps through purchasing it from the U.S.
the United States acted as a neutral party, Roosevelt met with Winston
Churchill an English warship, where the efforts by Churchill to convince them
to proclaim a warning to the Japanese in relation to their continuous hostility
in Asia. Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt drew up the Atlantic
Charter, which had the following principles: a pledge in opposition to
aggression, a promise of independence in the territorial changes, valuing the
tight of sovereignty as well as the freedom of speech, and a construction of an
efficient international body, which Roosevelt rejected.