This article seeks to analyze Pl...
What is Planned Parenthood?
This article seeks to analyze Planned Parenthood, an organization
that began in America with the aim of providing reproductive health care
services to women. It intends to help the reader understand precisely, what the
organization is all about by focusing on what the movement deals with and who
runs it. It also concentrates on the factors behind the development of the team
by identifying some of its responsibilities in America and the rest of the
world since it is an international organization. Besides, the issue of how the
organization operates has been discussed, which helps in providing a clear
insight of the debates that have been making headlines in the media regarding
how they conduct their activities. The article relied on information from
newspapers, books, and current journals.
Keywords: Planned Parenthood; birth control; abortion; reproductive health
care; sexual education
IS PLANNED PARENTHOOD?
think the greatest sin in the world is bringing children into the world who
obtained diseases from their parents that have no chance in the world to be a
human being. Delinquents, prisoners, all sorts of things just marked when they
are born. That to me is the greatest sin that people can commit.”
—Margaret Sanger, “The Mike Wallace Interview”
People have different
views concerning parenthood. Some argue that it is the toughest experience
while others believe it is the most rewarding responsibility that any human
being enjoys. Parents are expected to fulfill all their responsibilities that
vary from providing the basic needs of their children, teaching morals and
values, and providing care until the kids become independent. There is no
defined stage when one can become a parent, but Scientists argue that an
individual has to be mature and biologically capable of producing children to
qualify to join parenthood. Reproduction and Rearing of children entail
different responsibilities, although there are those who believe that if you
reproduce you are automatically responsible for nurturing that child.
During the Negro
project in America, where Africans were treated as slaves, women were not
allowed to get pregnant. Thus to save the lives of their babies, they would
give them away to strangers to care for them. Such experiences led to the
formation of Planned Parenthood in America. The organization has recently been
making headlines in the media after the government signed into law a
restriction on provision of grants to any group promoting abortion. An analysis
of Planned Parenthood reveals what it is all about, when and where it was
started, who runs the organization, why was it started, and how it operates.
This investigative report fully explains what Planned Parenthood’s role is all
about. It does not argue for or against what it attempts to do but instead, it
is aimed at clarifying its place in society.
and where was Planned Parenthood started?
together with her sister, and a friend, started the movement as American Birth
Control Movement that later came to be known as the Parenthood Federation of
America (PPFA) in Brooklyn, New York in 1916 (Laguens, 2013). Sanger believed
that women had the right to control their body, everyone has a right to decide
their ideal time to reproduce, and the female fraternity is allowed to engage
in sexual pleasure and fulfillment. Based on the above principles, she urged
women to use birth control methods such as contraceptives as it was essential
to plan one’s family. The group grew over the years since Sanger managed to
open more clinics in 1930-1942 (Laguens, 2013). She strived to make Planned
Parenthood’s services more widespread and accessible to populations who are
underprivileged and who have high infant mortality rates, namely low-income
families. Sanger used the media and religious groups to create awareness about
the movement and to reach out to more women in the American society. It was in
1942 when the organization had collaborated with more than 700 clinics in the
US and internationally that came to be known as PPFA commonly referred to as
Planned Parenthood (Mitchell, 2012). The movement continued with its operations
and continued to change women’s attitude towards their freedom of reproduction.
The federal government was also being involved in the affairs of the
organization and in 1977; it was made an independent movement (Laguens, 2013).
Since then, PPFA has been operating both in the US and internationally.
is Planned Parenthood?
Planned Parenthood is a
non-profitable organization that is affiliated with other clinics and hospitals
to provide healthcare services such as birth control methods. An editorial
observer of the New York Times said that the movement conducts a program that
offers free tests and treatments for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
(North, 2016). Planned Parenthood also educates teenagers who are placed in
foster care and the juveniles about sexual education. The organization’s staff
conducts home visits to new mothers who may be considering committing abortions
due to early pregnancies or fear of being single parents if the fathers do not
wish to be involved in the rearing of the child. Although many people believe
that the organization primarily advises all individuals who seek their services
to commit abortion, it is evident that it provides a broad range of other
services that are essential to the community as illustrated in the diagram
below. For instance, individuals such as Ms. Thurman visited the health center
to get an injection on birth control because she decided to engage in family
planning (North, 2016). Most of the individuals who are utilizing the services
of the health center are vulnerable people who find the tests, treatments and
information unaffordable, hence the reason; Planned Parenthood is not focused
on generating profits, but rather facilitating community development (Spitzer,
runs Planned Parenthood?
The PPFA organization is
run by an affiliation of men and women whose aim is to provide access to
quality healthcare, education, and information to women in the world. The
organization works with other individuals who are experts in the fields of
medicine, sexual health, law, communication, and advocacy. Their skills and
adequate knowledge are significant in conducting the affairs of the
organization since they brainstorm different ways of protecting the health and
safety of women globally. PPFA has an executive team that helps the leaders in
managing the movement as well as national spokespersons operating in various
countries in which Planned Personnel offers it services (Hendershott, 2015).
The organization also operates with the assistance of activists and supporters
who are located across different states in America. There are also donors who
support all the activities of the organization. Since PPFA is an international
organization, the management has developed a network that allows all its
stakeholders to connect and interact through an online platform.
The government is also
directly involved in running the organization through providing funds to
support the activities of the movement. North, (2016) said that the government
paid for grants that supported the programs of Planned Parenthood such as birth
control and sexual education to the teenagers and young mothers. It is also
involved in the formulation and implementation of laws concerning reproductive
health. Some of the government policies may raise oppositions from the movement
and the community they serve. For instance, a new law was applied in February
2016 that allowed the government to stop issuing grants to groups that either
perform or promote abortion in the society (North, 2016). The law requires
health clinics under the federal program to purchase drugs at the actual costs
and to be charged a dispensing fee unlike in the past where they could buy the
drugs at discounted drugs (Morris, 2016). The changes in the legislation have
affected PPFA since it supports abortion, and the budget cuts increases the
expenditure costs for the movements. Some of the effects of the legal actions
include closure of some of its clinics and limiting the provision of some of
does the organization operate?
Planned Parenthood has
been interpreted differently among Americans. It is essential to focus on how
the organization operates to acquire a deeper meaning of the existence of the
movement. The group relies on funding from the government and individual donors
who support their course (Spitzer, 2012). Once Planned Parenthood receives the
funds, they allocate them across the other groups that they have collaborated
with in the developing countries (Baumgardner, 2006). The management oversees
the implementation of their plans through frequent communication with the staff
and conducting regular visits to the clinics and areas where the programs are
held. The organization also helps passionate individuals who have ideas to develop
them into sustainable projects that contribute to changing women’s live in the
world. Planned Parenthood has ensured that its staff has the necessary
expertise required to improving the quality of women’s live and to address the
challenging situations they may experience each new day. The organization has
been able to develop a close relationship with the people who seek their
services since they are assured of help for anything one requires (North, 2016).
Planned Parenthood uphold ethics?
Planned Parenthood is
committed to complying by the ethical standards and guidelines. It has a code
of conduct that guides the management and all its stakeholders in
decision-making and implementation of their activities (Perego, 2013). The
group is committed to doing well to their patients and clients so that they can
trust them. When a patient seeks their services, they ensure they provide
adequate help to the client so that they are fully satisfied. PPFA also does
not want to cause any harm to their patients. Therefore, the management has
developed policies that correct any problems or issues that arise in the
organization. For instance, if there is an indiscipline employee, the
management can terminate their employment, and in the event of their
involvement in any criminal activity associated with the organization, the
authorities are notified. The patients, employees, and volunteers are also
allowed to report any form of concerns and they are free not to provide any
form of identification. The organization is also committed to obeying the law
by cooperating fully during government audits and investigations. Besides, when
there are changes in the laws affecting the operations, PPFA complies with the
new laws or amendments (Perego, 2013). Although, Planned Parenthood has
implemented measures to ensure it complies with ethical standards, abortion is
a crucial issue in the society by focusing on the community and personal values
and morals. Norms and values vary among people, which can explain the different
opinions among the services offered by Planned Parenthood.
How Successful has
Planned Parenthood been?
Planned Parenthood has
been successful throughout the world since it educates young teenagers on
unplanned pregnancies and the use of contraceptives. It has also managed to
offer training to community health workers who offer counseling and healthcare
education in African countries where people are infected with HIV/AIDS. The
organization has also managed to fight against discrimination of women
concerning family planning care, and to provide information on sex education to
clients without being judgmental. The organization has been unsuccessful in
obtaining an alternative source of funds to support some of its course such as
free testing and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (North, 2016). It
has also been unsuccessful in convincing the public that the group does not
offer abortion services and eradicating the misconception that saw the grants
for Planned Parenthood reallocated to other programs.
The analysis of PPFA indicates that it has been in existence for
several decades. Planned Parenthood began as a birth control movement, but it
has grown to provide other services such as sexual education, cancer services
and prevention, and other women health services. An executive team who oversee
the activities of their employees, and volunteers and donors who fund their
activities run the group. The government is also a stakeholder of the
organization since it also provides funding and is involved in developing laws
concerning the delivery of health services in America. The investigation also
reveals that Planned Parenthood abides by the ethical standards to facilitate
the quality of services delivered by the organization to their clients.