Diamanduros, T., Cosentino, C. E., Tysinger, P. D., & Tysinger, J. A. (2012). Theoretical perspectives of male sexual abuse: Conceptualization of a case study. Journal of child sexual abuse, 21(2), 131-154.
Diamanduros et al. (2012) conduct research to substantiate the traumatic effect associated with sexual abuse on the development of young men. Particularly, the article considers the mediating dispositions that can contribute to the susceptibility of a child to the consequences of sexual abuse. The reference is relevant to the population and topic since it establishes the implications of sexual abuse on the development of young men. Diamanduros et al. (2012) incorporates three theoretical perspectives that are not limited to male victims of sexual abuse although they provide a perspective on the effects on male children. The analysis of attachment theory, developmental psychopathology and trauma theory substantiates the manifestation of trauma due to sexual abuse. Diamanduros et al. (2012) affirm that the theoretical perspectives provide an understanding of the vulnerability of the effects of sexual abuse. The authors integrate each theoretical perspective into a case study of a young male with a record of trauma and sexual abuse.
Keywords: Sexual Abuse, Psychopathology, Males, Trauma, Child Development, Adolescents, Attachment Behavior.
Brown, S., Brack, G., & Mullis, F. (2008). Traumatic symptoms in sexually abused children: Implications for school counselors. Professional School Counseling, 11(6), 368-379.
Brown et al. (2008) examine the implications of traumatic symptoms in sexually abused children on school counselors. School counselors ought to be at the forefront of creating strategies that allow and help the detection and prevention of child sexual abuse. They are charged with the responsibility of helping sexually abused children. According to Brown et al. (2008), school counselors can perform this duty by identifying the sexual abuse indicators based on the behavior and symptoms that children display. It is essential that school counselors understand the effects of trauma that characterizes child sexual abuse in the school setting. The reference is relevant to the subject and population since it examines the presence of trauma in sexually abused children and the role of school counselors in this issue. In their research, Brown et al. (2008) consider the involvement of counselors through mandated report taking, conversing with adolescents concerning sexual abuse and learning the trauma symptoms and their role in creating difficulties among sexually abused children.
Keywords: Sexual Abuse, Child Abuse, School Counselors, Symptoms, Counselor Role, Intervention, Aggression, Sexuality, Adolescents, Children, Coping, Interpersonal Relationships.
Johnson, N. L., & Johnson, D. M. (2013). Factors influencing the relationship between sexual trauma and risky sexual behavior in college students. Journal of interpersonal violence, 28(11), 2315-2331.
Johnson and Johnson (2013) explore the correlation between sexual trauma and risky sexual behavior including sexual abuse. Particularly, the authors investigate the elements that provide protection to victims of sexual abuse and prevent them from development the maladaptive trend of behavior. In their study, Johnson and Johnson (2013) investigated the protective role of support, quality, and quality in the manifestation of risky sexual behavior through the incorporation of substance abuse. The authors hypothesized the influence of the mentioned factors in the development of sexual trauma and risky sexual behavior among college students. The reference is useful since it is relevant to the topic of sexual abuse and the associated trauma in victims. It focusses on the population group of college students and their likelihood to develop sexual trauma and risky sexual behavior under certain conditions. In the study, Johnson and Johnson (2013) find that a positive relationship is evident between the severity of sexual trauma and risky sexual behavior. Individuals exposed to risky sexual behavior are predisposed to sexual trauma. Additionally, the involvement of problematic substance abuse mediated the relationship between risky sexual behavior and sexual trauma. Johnson and Johnson (2013) established that social support quality negated the relationship described while quantity exacerbated the relationship.
Keywords: Sexuality, Trauma, Sexual Abuse, Females, Severity, Social Support, Substance Abuse, Correlation.
Smith, A. P., & Kelly, A. B. (2008). An exploratory study of group therapy for sexually abused adolescents and nonoffending guardians. Journal of child sexual abuse, 17(2), 101-116.
Smith and Kelly (2008) affirm that adolescent victims of sexual abuse tend to report a range of symptoms including severe trauma, depression, anxiety and reduced self-esteem. In the article, the authors attempt to examine an improved treatment of symptoms of sexual abuse including severe trauma. Smith and Kelly (2008) report viable exploratory outcomes from a twelve-week multimodal abuse-specific group intervention with the incorporation of a non-offending parent/caregiver component. The reference is essential to the topic of sexual abuse trauma since it attempts to provide a solution to the problem. It features adolescent victims of sexual abuse and utilizes a different intervention to determine its efficacy. Smith and Kelly (2008) find that the twelve-week multimodal abuse-specific group intervention produced positive results. The outcome of the study constituted clinically significant reductions in the psychological implications of sexual abuse including trauma.
Keywords: Sexual Abuse, Trauma, Caregivers, Adolescents, Group Therapy, Depression, Counselling Techniques, Parents, Anxiety, Symptoms, Intervention, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Cognitive Restructuring, Parent Education, Family Programs, Child Relationship, Adolescent Development.
McCarthy, M. D., & Thompson, S. J. (2010). Predictors of trauma-related symptoms among runaway adolescents. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 15(3), 212-227.
McCarthy and Thompson (2010) explore the predictors of trauma-related symptoms among adolescents who run away from their homes. The authors acknowledge sexual abuse as one of the predictors of trauma-related symptoms. The research featured in the article is essential to the topic since it incorporates theoretical framework to provide insight on the connection between sexual abuse and trauma. The theory integrated supports the characterization of sexual abuse by trauma especially among child and adolescents.
Keywords: Sexual Abuse, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Adolescents, Family Violence, Family Influence, Psychological Patterns
Crumpton, S. M. (2017). Trigger warnings, covenants of presence, and more: Cultivating safe space for theological discussions about sexual trauma. Teaching Theology & Religion, 20(2), 137-147.
Crumpton (2017) affirms the prevalence of sexual abuse and the ill-preparedness to address the issue and its implications in the classroom setting. The author acknowledges that trauma includes one of the outcomes of a history of sexual abuse. Crumpton (2017) recommends a trauma sensitive curriculum and teaching approach that takes into account the psychological implications of sexual abuse. The reference features research relevant to the scope of the topic. The authors acknowledge trauma as one of the symptoms of sexual abuse and the contributions it poses to the learning process. The information in the reference is highly useful to expound on the subject of sexual abuse and trauma.
Keywords: Sexual Abuse, Sexuality, Trauma, Psychological Pattern. Teacher Student Relationship, Classroom Environment
Aspelmeier, J. E., Elliott, A. N., & Smith, C. H. (2007). Childhood sexual abuse, attachment, and trauma symptoms in college females: The moderating role of attachment. Child abuse & neglect, 31(5), 549-566.
Aspelmeier et al. (2007) examine the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and symptoms of trauma among female college students. The study conducted evaluates a model that creates a connection between childhood sexual abuses that psychological functioning in adulthood. The reference is relevant to the topic since it reaffirms the link between sexual abuse and trauma. The reference is also integral since it supports the association of sexual abuse with the symptom of severe trauma. Aspelmeier et al. (2007) conclude that attachment is a moderating factor in the relationship between sexual abuse and trauma.
Keywords: Child Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Attachment Behavior, Psychological Patterns, Symptoms, Peer Relationship, Parent Child Relationship.
Zink, T., Klesges, L., Stevens, S., & Decker, P. (2009). The development of a sexual abuse severity score: Characteristics of childhood sexual abuse associated with trauma symptomatology, somatization, and alcohol abuse. Journal of interpersonal violence, 24(3), 537-546.
Zink et al. (2009) assert that childhood sexual abuse is a prevalent issue associated with both mental and physical complications during adulthood. In the study, the authors assess the severity of the characteristics of childhood sexual abuse linked to a range of problems including trauma symptomology and alcohol abuse. The contents of the reference are integral to the topic since they consider trauma a key characteristic of childhood sexual abuse. The symptoms are highly pronounced in the case of victims exposed to sexual abuse during early childhood years.
Keywords: Sexual Abuse, Alcohol Abuse, Children, Child Abuse, Symptoms, Mental Disorders, Adults.
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