distribution is an imperative issue in the contemporary society. Concerns
regarding food security have existed for a long time. Angela, Beau, & Mark asserts â€œthere is adequate production
of food globallyâ€ (p.78). However, in spite of this disturbing truth,
approximately one billion people are facing serious hunger worldwide.
Presently, many people can easily access different types of foods within the local
supermarket or the grocery store, which is thousands of miles away from the
point of origin of the foods. Nevertheless, this modern convenience comes at a
price. Many factors contribute to this sort of problem, the most significant
one being poor food distribution.
In the distribution of food, time is a very significant aspect, particularly
when dealing with food products that are perishable, for instance, meat and dairy
products. According to Zhuang, â€œtime can mean the difference between
a food product that is safe for consumption, and that which is notâ€ (89). When food is to be shipped to another place,
it is important that it reaches it destination within the appropriate time so
as to avoid not attaining the standards that are set by the Food and Drugs Act.
If the food that is being transported spoil prior to it
reaching its destination, a lot of funds are lost, and it results into a food
shortage in the region where it was destined to reach. Food shortage is one of
the reasons why many regions are facing food insecurity.
aspect that is related with time, and which requires to be addressed regarding
food distribution is the amount of waste that takes place after harvest as well
as during transportation. Most of the agricultural produce are extremely
perishable, and therefore susceptible to bacteria and fungi that make food to
rot, hence contaminating them with disease, and rendering the food poisonous. Zhuang estimates that approximately 25 â€“ 50
percent of the entire food that is produced goes into the waste (103). For
instance, in India, about 7 percent of grains and 30 percent of both fruits and
vegetables that are produced goes into a waste as a result of lack of appropriate
storage systems (Beverley et al. 212). The tremendous volume of food that
goes into waste results into a food shortage taking place. The shortage of food
tremendously escalates food prices for the consumers. However, it does not
increase the income that farmers receive while selling their crops. Therefore,
the producersâ€™ income is either
stationary or declining, perpetuating the cycles of both poverty and hunger.
Food distribution to different parts is as well inhibited by the cost of food. Angela, Beau, & Markassert that â€œEven with access to the
markets, there are many people who cannot be able to purchase food since they
cannot manage to pay for the costsâ€ (78). In some regions, consumers cannot buy
adequate food for their families owing to the absence of purchasing power in
addition to low incomes. Many farmers do not receive a sufficient return on the
crops they produce, implying that they are cannot be able to make a sustainable
income to offset their investments. However, there are several developed
nations where the governments greatly subsidizes the agricultural industry so
as to make it feasible economically. Therefore, even when there is a large food
production, widespread hunger may still exist because of the incapability to
the energy prices form a paramount aspect of food distribution. In cases where
the price of gas goes up, the transportation cost that is involved in
distributing the food as well increases. Another food distribution concern that
is related to the prices of energy is the cost of involved in the refrigeration
of a truck or train, which is supposed to transport food safely. However,
refrigeration is significant while transporting foods like dairy products,
which are temperature sensitive, and they have to be transported in an
environment that is temperature-controlled.
aim of food distribution does not only entail the connection of food producers,
for example, farmers, to the consumers, but as well to allocate food
appropriately. Challenges are experienced in the decision concerning how
distribution of food takes place, who possesses the power to distribute, as
well as the methods that ought to be utilized during distribution. The
conventional approach of distributing food is by means of establishing markets
where food producers may sell their produce to the consumers directly.
Nevertheless, owing to a lot of instances of ineffectiveness, food is transported to a central place and thereafter
it is distributed to other cities or towns.
the current system that is adopted for the distribution of food, the number of
markets available as well as the means of accessing those markets is not
adequate. Approximately 16 percent of rural populations that are found within
the developing nations do not have appropriate access to the food market which
usually inhibits the farmers from retailing their crops. In fact, Meier
provides an estimate of at most 40 percent of any crop is marketed whereas just
one-third of the food is sold to the markets. It is important that the
accessibility of the markets be enhanced so as to make it possible for farmers
and consumers to interact.
the developing nations, food distribution is faced by the limited transport
that is available. The number of high-quality road networks or railway that may
be utilized in the transportation of food to the centralized markets is
inadequate. There is particularly a huge problem of transporting food in rural
Africa due to roads that have been poorly maintained. The poor roads make a
region not to be accessible as well as delaying their movement to the markets.
A major concern with transportation emanates from the exceedingly variable
geography as well as climate in every region. Every sort of transportation is
effective in particular areas as compared to others, and the solution, therefore,
should be formed from the local level by way of critically assessing the
geography and the existing resources of those regions.
conclusion, there is a huge discrepancy globally between individuals with
sufficient food and those who are either facing starvation or malnutrition. For
a larger population to have access to food that is of high quality, and in
appropriate amounts, different organizations dealing with food distributions,
as well as different governments ought to strive to reduce the above gap. The
main concern exists in the fact that the long-term shortage of food is yet to
be addressed so as to counter the issue of food distribution.
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