Coding, Sorting and Sifting of Qualitative Data Analysis | My Paper Hub
data analysis encompasses the most basic initiatives by researchers trying to
understand and develop given assumptions with regard to a particular topic or
life situation. The process is different from other statistical approaches of
collecting and analyzing data, in the sense that it largely relies on
information obtained from the targeted group. Qualitative research approaches
include; coding, which entails the sorting and arranging of data and
information from research through the use of codes or labelling (Chowdhury
2015, p. 1138). Coding is quite essential in planning for the analysis of the
information and serves to enable the understanding of what is occurring to the
different components of the whole research data. Use of words to represent a
particular situation and the employing of different signs to imply a given
event, are some of the techniques used in coding of information in qualitative
the hand incorporates the placing of similar objects or entities together to
facilitate easier analysis and assessment of the data. Sorting is an important
step in data analysis since it largely reduces the work due to the fact that
components bearing similarity are placed at the right areas. Sifting involves
the picking and generation of the most essential data from the sorted items. The
process of sifting establishes the foundation for the qualitative analysis by
researchers since the acquisition of the useful information is completed
(Chowdhury 2015, p. 1140). Therefore, this article will delve into offering a
criticisms into the approaches in qualitative data analysis. Reasons why some
researchers regard the approach as inconsequential and non-effective in data
collection and subsequent interpretation shall be fronted. Further, critic as
to why the methodology is an important tool in analysis of life situation from
peoples’ perspectives and ideologies shall also be countered. In addition, postulations of different
researchers on matters related to qualitative data research shall be examined
data analysis provides researchers with an avenue and an opportunity to
understand and give meaning to opinions and beliefs they acquire form the field
interactions with people. Proponents of the qualitative data analysis, argue
that, the process enables an individual identify and get a taste of the behavioral
and cultural aspect of given people. Unlike other statistical methodologies
that aim at acquiring tangible and solid data, qualitative data analysis promotes
the comprehension of the specific data or information at various dimensions and
angles (Chowdhury 2015, p. 1136). Based on the direct interviews conducted by
the respective researcher, a correlation with what is taking place at the field
can be attested to. The abovementioned aspect of qualitative data analysis
establishes a superiority of the approach to the others.
Tremendous efforts and personal
commitment is recommended on part of the researchers in attempts to acquire
information either through observations or an interaction with the target
group. The ability to identify with the issues of concern to the research is
also extremely important to ensure the final research report clearly reflects
the individual’s opinions and inferences (Chowdhury 2015, p. 1138). Qualitative
aims and gives due attention to the third party involved in the research in
trying to gauge and measure their perceptions with regard to a particular phenomenon.
Therefore, the approach is regarded as to represent the common issues surrounding
the lives of the respondents.
The capacity of the researcher to
embrace and incorporate other techniques such as self-management and awareness
in identifying and realizing the issues such as the surrounding nature or the
external environment that governs the respondents’ behaviors. Integration of
qualitative research with other approaches to data analysis and assessment
enables a deeper comprehension of matters of contention on research. The particular emphasis given on the need to
assure for human touch on the data provided, further strengthens the methodology
and distinguishes it from other approaches as noted by most scientists. Solid
explanations and discussions can be formulated showing the reasons as to why
particular life events take a given course or path. On such basis, qualitative
research offers deeper and easier interpretive data on the concepts of interest.
The methodology of research facilitates
the ability to understand the sociocultural activities and practices of a
particular group. Of great importance to the methodology, is the capacity to incorporate
and assume human tendencies and feature. As opposed to other research methods, clarity
can be established that, understanding of the human traits is far much more
essential that the acquisition of huge sets of data meant to define a
particular circumstance. Through the use of coding and sorting of data,
tabulations and conclusions can easily be derived from the data sections offered
(Chowdhury 2015, p. 1139). The capacity to freely give personal ideas with
regard to a particular scenario is not compromised as evident from the other
statistical methods such as quantitative analysis. Use of questionnaire and
other initiatives in the latter method, limits the ability to acquire a
personalized response. Comprehensive and adequate reactions are aroused from the
groups interviewed due to the direct contact and the ability to question and discuss
critical issues during the interview.
Furthermore, qualitative research
alleviates the challenge of forming an opinion or ideology about a given
phenomenon until sufficient convincing evidence is attained from the observation
process. Any possible bias due to association with the particular object does
not compromise the integrity of the results achieved from the exercise. With
controversial issues, qualitative research approaches can be embraced to assess
the reasons or conditions that are attributed to given behavior. The reasoning
and the beliefs of the people can be monitored during the process in order to
adequately form a conclusion with regard to a particular practice or activity.
However, despite the aforementioned benefits of qualitative data analysis,
negative criticism has been postulated on many occasions.
Critics of the qualitative research
approaches have developed some postulations and opinions to indicate that, the approach
yields inconsequential and insignificant results. Evidence on this has been the
allegations that qualitative data analysis majorly focuses on a small entity
where easier acquisition of data is possible. Such statements imply that, a
conclusive and adequate results defining the area cannot be achieved (Chowdhury
2015, p. 1137). On this basis, findings of qualitative data analysis have been
disregarded by most proponents of the quantitative approach to analysis. In
addition, reliability and credibility of the estimated results has also been
compromised. The geographical area of coverage cannot easily be assessed based
on opinions derived from other people participating in the interviews as seen
in the qualitative analysis.
Biasness of the corresponding researchers
has also been questionable where displaying and composition of individualistic
opinions without the conducting of any substantial research to find the
underlying issues has been done. Such bias has been an issue of debate, where
proponents of quantitative approach believe that accuracy of data should be
maintained by gathering the necessary data from the fields (Chowdhury 2015, p.
1142). The approaches of sorting and coding have also been viewed to offer
personal beliefs and judgments which are entirely limited and construed to that
particular individual. Therefore, assumptions have been made that, such
researchers feed people with their own convictions as opposed to following the
right measures to the development research information.
Personal differences that arise during
interactions in the efforts to acquire information on a given research may
render the qualitative approach ineffective. Moreover, the method is limited to
the willingness of the particular respondents to share and exchange information
on given topic of concern (Chowdhury 2015, p. 1140). Thus, bearing such
difficulties, different researchers have been fully convicted that the qualitative
research relies so much on external factors that are incontrollable thereby
risking the quality of the research. Further, judging and determination of how true
and accuracy of the given data provided by an individual based on their own
opinions is quite challenging. Principles of research dictate that a data set
must bear some level of truth and bear a correlation to the factor being
investigated in theory. However, due to the small area samples achieved using
this particular analytical approach, acquisition of average data values that
represent a wholesome entity is compromised.
Implications for Software Development
continued advancement in technology, embracing of the recent trends in both
research and other areas of life is quite paramount. Technology has over times
acted as possible substitute for the human effort if changes to correspond to
the imminent extinction are not established. Previously, coding and sorting
activities were solely conducted through human effort where clear thinking and
reasoning was possible before taking a decision. However, with the rise of
technology, software have been generated that seek to eliminate some of the
elongated research methodologies (Chowdhury 2015, p. 1135). The essence of such advancements is to create
an improvement on the research criterion by providing for faster research
initiatives. The analysis of the data functions using the software for qualitative
data analysis is quite challenging since the systems cannot generate individual
reasoning approach. The underlying consequences of software development are the
inability to evoke the human mind in the analysis process. However, assisting
in approaches to qualitative research through coding and sorting quite faster
using the advanced software.
the above discussion, conclusion can be made that, qualitative research cannot
be dismissed at whatever cost. Integration of the process with the various
aspects of data collection such as the ability to assess individual’s character
and understand their feelings gives a deeper meaning to research (Chowdhury
2015, p. 1136). Despite the negative critic, proposition is advocated for the
adoption of qualitative data analysis, as measure to determine different components
of research simultaneously. In addition, the possibility of biasness is greatly
reduced due to the fact that respondents are given the opportunity to share
their opinions without any opinion being formed about them. Any prior judgment
of a given life situation is avoided to establish for the accuracy of the
results desired. Moreover, qualitative research offers an opportunity to incorporate
the coding parameter as well as sorting as the preparation foundations for the analysis
by allocating elements of similarity together.
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