French-Algerian and American-Philippine war | My Paper Hub
Comparison between French-Algerian and American-Ph...
Comparison between French-Algerian and American-Philippine war
The Algerian war occurred in the years 1954 to 1962 and it was between France
and the independence movements in Algeria. The main objective of this war was
the quest to gain independence by Algeria from France, (Evans 2011). The
Philippines- American war took place in the years 1899-1902. It was an armed
conflict that involved the United States and Philippines revolutionary
movements. The following paper aims at establishing how the two wars were
managed, planned and organized in order to get the required results through
comparing and contrasting the two wars.
The French in Algeria war and the Americans in the Philippines
were similar in some aspects. These similarities may be analyzed in terms of
the underlying principles, Strategies used and doctrinal concepts. They include
The Philippines-American war and the French in Algeria war
occurred as a result of the struggle to acquire self-governance by the
Philippines and Algerians respectively. Independence was of great essence to
Philippines and Algeria as they were seeking to gain control and management
over their resources and become sovereign states. This was the principle upon
which these wars were based on. However, the Philippines and Algerian
revolutionary forces lacked weapons and ammunition to counter the superior
firepower of their colonizers; U.S. and France respectively. To counter this
disadvantage, they strategically employed guerilla warfare, using primitive
weapons like knives, spears, bows and arrows to fight against their colonizers,
(Kimmel 2009) The U.S and French troops on their part were highly organized and
used counter-insurgency tactics like torture and separation of the civilian
population from the guerilla population, (Hillstrom2011). These tactics helped
them become a hard target to hit by the revolutionary forces, manage losses
from both sides and reduce the budget of the wars.
Military intelligence was extensively used by both the French and
Americans in order to manage the respective wars. They developed doctrinal
literature and tactics which enabled them to respond to attacks from the
guerilla units faster. Galula(2006) asserts that these doctrines helped them in
standardization of military operations in their quest to achieve their desired
objectives of the wars. In both wars, the colonial governments sought to
introduce their national languages in the colonized countries as the main
language of government, business and education in Philippines. American and
French troops were also highly organized and used their military technology and
intelligence for counter-insurgency combat operations. These doctrines were
meant to professionally train military officers.
The American-Philippines war and French in Algeria war also had
some very striking differences. In this paper, these differences will be
discussed in terms ofwho participated in the conflicts and the consequences of
the respective wars.
In the American-Philippines
wars, conflict started between Spain and America, where Americans were seeking
to acquire Philippines from the Spaniards, and later fought with the
Philippines revolutionary forces, (Golay, 2003). In sharp contrast, the French
in Algeria war only involved the France military and Algerian revolutionary
groups. These were the different underlying principles of the wars. This
clearly brings out the challenges that were faced by the U.S and France in
management of their colonies. The United States of America employed various
strategies in the war in order to neutralize the revolutionary forces in
Algeria. American commanders would liaise with some of their loyal Philippines
in order to acquire military intelligence against the Spaniards and the
revolutionary forces Strategies were of great essence if they
had to remain relevant in the war
The consequences of these two different wars were different in
some aspects. According to Tyner (2005), the America-Philippines war led to the
disestablishment of the Roman Catholic Church. In the France- Algeria war, it
led to the division of the country and caused falling of five prime ministers
since some citizens felt their leaders were puppets of France authorities.
These were the different principles and consequences of the wars. The
strategies applied by American in order to remain relevant in Philippines even
after granting them independence included denying the citizens the right to
vote for top government officials, (Arnold 2011). On the other hand, French troops
applied the strategy of capturing and imprisoning of defiant and active leaders
In conclusion, in order to achieve a certain goal in management of
an organization, war or any activity, it is important to come up with
strategies that will help in the achievement of the set objectives. The end
will always justify the means. Management is an important concept in every
activity since it is involved in coordinating the efforts of different parties
in order to achieve the intended results.
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