Judaism is a religion that
dates back to the 1st ...
A Comparison Between Judaism and Christianity
Judaism is a religion that
dates back to the 1st century C.E and traces its heritage to the covenant that
God made with Abraham, making it an Abrahamic religion. This religion that bases
its beliefs on the first five books of the Hebrew Bible (Torah). The main
branches of Judaism are; Reconstructionist, Conservatives, Reformists and
Orthodox. (Neusner, 1987)
Christianity, on the other hand, is a religion
that also dates back to the 1st century C.E however, it developed from Judaism.
It bases on the life, death, resurrection and teaching of Jesus Christ, hence
Christianity. The main branches of Christianity are; Protestantism, Eastern
Orthodoxy, and Roman Catholicism. Considering that both religions have similar
roots, they are bound to have some similarities and differences. (Neusner, 1987)
Christianity and Judaism are
similar in that they believe in one true God. However, there comes a
difference, for the Jews believe that there only exists one God who existed
from the beginning and who will be in future (monotheism). Christians, on the
other hand, believe in the Holy Trinity, which is God the Father, the Son and
the Holy Spirit. ("Compare And
Contrast Essay Example On Judaism And Christianity", 2016) They believe that God sent
Jesus Christ, who lived among human beings and then after death and
resurrection left the Holy Spirit to take care of His followers.
The religions are also
similar in that they both hold the teachings of the Hebrew scripture, this is
according to Christians the Old Testament. As earlier mentioned, Christianity
developed from the Judaism and therefore some of the books used to teach are
employed by the Jews too, although some of them were altered to meet the teachings
of Christianity and not those of Judaism. All these instructions are in one
book, the Bible for Christians and the Tanakh for Jews. ("Christianity vs Judaism -
Difference and Comparison | Diffen", 2016)
The religions believe in life
after death. For Christians, they believe in the coming of a judgment day where
they will either go the heaven or hell for eternity. The Jews, on the other
hand, do not believe in the existence of either. They have different opinions;
some believe in reincarnation, the world to come and others in unification with
Christianity follows the
guideline of Jesus Christ where their primary objective is to love one another,
love God, obey His commandments and spreading the Gospel so that more people
for salvation (Neusner, 1987). However, Jews believe in the
celebration of life, love for God and doing good deeds. Their objective is to
fulfill the agreement with God which was made by Abraham and help repair the
Christians worship in church.
The pope, bishops, vicars, priests, church pastors, Cardinals or deacon, lead
them depending on the denomination. They attend their service on Sunday, which
is their seventh day, and they respect it according to the commandments which
God handed to Moses. As opposed to this, Jews worship in a synagogue, and
Scribes, Rabbis, Mohels, and Cantors lead them. Their day of prayer starts at
the sunset of Friday to the sunset of Saturday. It is the holiest day, and they
spend it in contemplation and prayer.
In the churches, the
Christians are forbidden from using carvings as they are a form of idol
especially for the Protestants which are similar to the Judaism. However, in
some branches of Christianity, they allow the use of these statues. The
denominations which allow these are the Orthodox and Catholic sects. They have
statues of Jesus and Mary portraying different parts of the story of Jesus
Christ and his life on earth.
The Christians have different
names for God. They include; God, Jehovah, Deo, Gott, Dios Eli Elohim and much
more depending on the language spoken in a particular region. For Jews, they
refer to God as Adonai or Hashem.
The main difference comes in
where Christianity follow the teaching of Jesus Christ and Judaism follow the
Law of Moses as written in Torah. However, they all believe in the existence of
one most high God.
Compare And Contrast Essay Example On Judaism And Christianity. (2016).
Darwingenome.info. Retrieved 17 June 2016, from http://darwingenome.info/a-custom-
Neusner, J. (1987). Judaism and Christianity in the age of Constantine. Chicago: University of
Christianity vs Judaism - Difference and Comparison | Diffen. (2016). Diffen.com. Retrieved 17
June 2016, from http://www.diffen.com/difference/Christianity_vs_Judaism