The summary is on the topic
of women representation in the contemporary culture. The author brings out the
complexity of this issue throughout the chapter and giving clear and numerous
examples and explanations of the various ways in which the society views a
woman. The author majors mostly on how the popular culture portrays a woman and
feminism and how a woman is portrayed in the eyes of a man.
The chapter begins with a
classification of women as being in need of romance, love and relationship and
commitment while being subjected to men. This classification portrays women as
people with no more ambitions than getting into a relationship for sex and
recreation. On the other hand, it classifies men as ambitious and having goals
that are not grounded women rather wanting to achieve a career goal, job
satisfaction, and financial independence. It portrays men only in need of sex
and not a relationship or romance from a woman; this was between 1964 and 1993.
The ideology of this kind of feminist has been made popular through magazines.
The ideology through research has been found to change between 1993 and 1997
where the representation of femininity. The shift is new to femininity that
promotes socially confident and fun-seeking women who enjoy sex without being
limited to relationships. The new femininity also encourages women doing things
that they wouldn’t previously engage in like drinking alcohol and ideas that
women should know what they want and not just commitment to raise a family. The
idea leads to women straying from the common perception of traditional
femininity, putting them under lots of criticism. Women are criticized and said
to be doing things that only men are supposed to do, hence putting the future
of the nation at risk because when engaging in this kinds of activities and
independence, there is no time for them to procreate and raise a family. As a
result, magazines try to promote the return to the traditional woman where their
main activity is to raise a family even though they are pursuing career goals
The other classification
according to the author is through their body appearances ‘looking good’. The
popular culture has always scrutinized women and classifying them as looking
good if they have silk hair, slim bodies, smooth skin and looking young. This
is something that has led to women seeking cosmetic products and surgeries to
be able to keep up with the societal norm of beauty. According to the author,
this is ironical in that the society wants the woman to remain traditional and
natural, but when it comes to the beauty, they have high standards on what a
beautiful woman should look like. The societal expectations are for the woman
to be beautiful to please men, yet the new femininity expects a woman to be
independent and knowing what they want. This is apparently not possible is a
woman cannot be able to choose for themselves what they want to look like because
there will be criticisms (p.93-99).
Another representation of
women in the society is the areas of work and the domestic role. In this
classification, men are classified as people who dominate the public domain
while women are associated with domestic activities like, recreation and taking
care of children and the family at large. The work of a man on the other had is
not at all associated with taking care of the family directly but through
putting food on the table. Employers who employ women often give them a
subordinate position, which means that their salaries and remunerations are
lower than those men counterparts receive. The work of a woman is not only on
the job they have been assigned to but on the family too. The popular culture
has portrayed through numerous films that the work of raising a family is not
easy. The author, therefore, poses a question on how the women are compensated
for the work done on the family if the men are remunerated at the workplace
with more salary than that of a woman. Motherhood has continued to be
undermined where if a woman gets pregnant it is taken negatively by the
employers hence adversely affecting the woman’s career. The author, therefore,
suggests that mothers are set up for failure where standard are set so high
such that they can never be good enough for the job to attain standards of
The other representation of
women in the society is based on sexuality, morality, and violence. Morality
and sexuality have different meanings and implication for male and female. For
a woman, respectability is always tied to sexuality. For a woman to gain
respect, they have to be sexually shy, modest or even innocent. Women who are
the opposite of this, those that openly have multiple sexual partners, those
that wear sexy clothes and those that are open and sexual cannot earn the
respect. The representation of these women is into two categories according to
the society where the shy and innocent are the virgins and those that are
openly sexual are the vamps. In morality if a ‘vamp’ is raped then, they asked for
it and if the ‘virgin’ is raped then she is a victim. For the ‘asking for it’ part, the society
puts the blame on the victim, ‘the vamp,' freeing men from taking
responsibility for their mistakes which shows the double standards on the issue
regarding the rape case. The media coverage on rape just shows how women are
judged by the popular culture on the importance of morality and sexuality in
rendering their judgement of the case. This is especially the conservative
media that is against the new femininity that involves excessive drinking,
casual sex and hanging out with friends as opposed to the tradition where a
woman’s place is at home (p.107-112).
The author’s main issue that
has presented itself throughout the chapter is the poor representation of
women. The author has provided various assumptions that may not be correct when
looking at a woman. The author proposed that women have been represented as
people with no ambitions where their main aim is the get into a romantic
relationship which ultimately leads to commitment and raising a family. This
poor representation only places men on the superior edge where they are
represented by having big goals and dreams to accomplish, unlike women. The
portrayal, therefore, presents women as a sexual object for men to satisfy
their pleasures then move on to things that matter in their life which are,
career goals and financial freedom.
The other representation is
of women being just good at raising a family and leaving the public domain to
the men. It would not be fair to classify women in this manner because they
have more potential when they are given a chance. If women were not judged by
pregnancy and were to be given more salary in their jobs, then the employers
would realize the great potential in women. This is because women can be able
to handle a family which is not easy as presented by various films like Raising
Hellen and at the same time be able to manage a career.
The author gave another poor
presentation of women through the issue of sexuality and morality. With the
example of rape, it is clear women are harshly judged yet letting the culprits
of the heinous act walk without any consequences just because the society
believed the victim ‘asked for it.' It does not mean that a woman deserves unjust
act just because she does not conform to the conservatory norms presented by
the society and media. Everyone deserves a fair trial and not judgement even
before listening to their complaints.
The author’s argument was on
point and easy to understand since they presented clear examples and support
from sources that are directly related to the issue. The author evoked a deep
analysis on how various issues concerning women are taken for granted in the
society hence leading to unfair treatment. It reminds one of how unfair the
society is and the need for change in how people view other. The example the
author gave on the attitude of a practicing lawyer on the issue of rape at the
end of the chapter. It is disturbing to see elite people closed in the conservatory
ideas even after being exposed to so many viewpoints. Moreover, being
judgmental the way he was yet he is supposed to take everything objectively and
not being subjective (p.112).
Calculate The Price Of Your Order
Total Price After Discount:
Frequently Asked Questions
All our writers are PHD prepared individuals. All the writers have vast experiences in specified fields for example for nursing orders the writers must have (nursing experience and major exposure to healthcare)
We get our articles from PubMed (for medicine orders and nursing) and whatever we can access through Google and scholarly references. We use professional sites and any relatable recent references within ten years.
We have a strict 0% plagiarism policy. All our papers are written from scratch and are properly cited.
Furthermore, we use premium plagiarism checkers to scan all documents before delivery.
The paper you will receive will be 100% original.
Email everything to us at firstname.lastname@example.org. You will receive a confirmation email from the support staff.
First, proceed to place your order then you can attach and send everything else the writer will need via email.
Yes, any alterations will be free of charge as long as they are in line with the initial instructions provided. No "surprises" regarding the price.
Any feedback from her professor will be taken seriously, and the writer (under our terms) will work on all changes without any extra payments (we do not have any hidden charges).
We will conduct a free plagiarism check, chapter by chapter. Editing is free of charge since the writer works hand in hand with an assigned editor.
The account will automatically be created for you by our database. The account only notes your order details and the price for your order, nothing much.