The concept of “Life After Death” is incoherent (Van 76). For many years, humankind has been beleaguered by the matters that surround life after death since the only way of being acquainted with what takes place is to experience it essentially, through dying. This implies that people can only theorize probable results as well as talk about key matters such as individual identity or the soul’s immortality. Many theories in relation to life after death are concerned in if or not there exists a component of the human body that can survive the death of the entire physical parts as well as wherever or whenever it goes.
The After- life is a field of human consciousness that all people enter after departing from the physical world by means of the physical death. According to Toynbee “all through the history, people have questioned whether there is a life someone dies” (54). Religion and philosophy have provided beliefs as well as opinions to respond to this frequently asked question. Nonetheless, most of the responses disagree with each other, making it difficult to figure out. The idea of life after death acts as a basis for personal security, confidence, as well as spiritual betterment. There is nothing that provides more confidence as compared to self-belief that there exist a superior life for the people who utilize the present as a way of preparing for eternity. Whereas some suppose that it is not possible for one to know whether life exists after death, the idea of immortality is an eternal phenomenon.
For a long time, many philosophers who do not accept life after death as true (Skloot 110). One of the philosophers is David Hume, who was an extremist British imperialist. His belief only existed in what he could observe. David Hume had a feeling that if one cannot see his or her soul or then one must not exist. The same applies for the afterlife. He suggested that when one dies, one’s life was over and nothing more existed. Buddhist’s as well do not have a belief in life after death that implies the heaven. They belief that when a person dies, and he or she is reborn and then this carries on up to the time when a person achieves Nirvana (Chopra 54). “The appropriately critical objective for man is to break away from the world process totally in eternal, spaceless, difference less Nirvana.” Amongst the great philosophers who believed in the concept of life after death was Spinoza. He believed that a heaven and a hell existed as well as the realm life. Spinoza also believed that a person is a fleeting occurrence in a never-ending as well as the eternal universe.
Dualism asserts that there is a difference between the body and the actual self, normally known as our soul. The soul is perceived as immortal in dualism, and, as a result, the existence of human beings in the afterlife is described by their soul (Benton 112). In materialism, it is quite the contrary, as it holds that human beings are their bodies and nothing more. Whereas it appears natural to suppose that it is not possible therefore for any afterlife -we apparently perceive that our bodies decay further than repair following death- we ought to reflect on the full resurrection of the body as a possible alternative. For if people are their bodies, as well as by some means the body was rebuilt after occurrence of death, then it would be possible for people to efficiently live again, within an afterlife.
Plato was the founder of dualism, as he incorporated it in many of his works. Plato had a belief that the soul is eternal both prior to and after occurrence of death, and also that the body is mortal in addition ceased to work after death (Echols 43). He also believed that the human soul has at all times existed and it forever will and that one’s embodied life as a human is merely a small component of one’s existence. Plato considered that the soul that was disembodied was the highest type of survival since the immaterial area of interest is the highest form of life. In other words, the argument by Plato suggests that one’s embodied life is not nearly as idyllic as one’s disembodied existence. Whereas one may not entirely agree with Plato concept of Forms, one would be in agreement with the notion that the human bodies are limited to the world. It would not seem sensible for the bodies of human beings to continue living with then into eternity.
In conclusion, throughout the history, there have been a lot of different religion and philosophies with a lot of different outlooks on the afterlife as well as what it involves. What people do when they depart the physical world is difficult to be known with total certainty up to when one’s time to die comes. Until that time, people must take into account that all the possibilities and take the one that is most sensible.