Persuasive Speech Preparation Worksheet
1. What is the topic of your speech?
Poverty: the inequality that is consuming our society
2. Are you speaking on a question of fact, value, or policy?
Value and fact
3. What is your specific purpose statement?
To convince and call the audience to action against inequality in the fight against poverty.
5. Is your speech meant to achieve passive agreement or immediate action from your audience?
Immediate action for policy and value change in the way we treat the poor in society.
6. What is your central idea?
That inequality is the major cause of poverty
8. What is the target audience for your speech? How will you adapt your speech to be persuasive to your target audience? Be specific.
Policy makers and the public are the target audience. I appealed to the ethos, pathos, and logos of the audience to make the speech persuasive.
9. What method(s) of gaining attention do you use in the introduction?
I used rhetorical questions to make a point and also to get the audience thinking nad exploring the problem hence caught their attention. I also appealed to their pathos through eliciting a form of emotion on the issue of poverty.
10. How do you establish your credibility in the introduction?
I made the audience feel that I connect with them and share the same plight with them on poverty. I connected with them by using the word ‘we’ meaning that I was also facing the same challenges as the audience.
11. Write the preview statement you will use in your introduction/
The good news is that just like any man made inequalities, and it can be overcome and eradicated through the collective actions of individuals.
13. What method of organization do you use in the speech?
14. State in full sentences the main points to be developed in the body of your speech.
· It is painful that the poorest who are the majority in the world are also the same people with the least access to health, education and other social services
· We live in a society where the wealthier you are; the more the political and economic policies are bound to benefit you.
· poverty alleviation efforts cannot be sustainable and successful unless there is equality
· Corruption in every respect is one of the worst forms of inequality among the developed and the developing nations.
· Time has come to see poverty for what it is. It is a typical outcome of unfairness, inequity, and lack of opportunities.
15. What supporting materials do you use in developing each main point? Be specific.
· Report by the United Nations Poverty Social Policy and Development Division
· Books on poverty and inequality
· Websites on poverty and inequality
16. What steps have you taken to answer potential objections that your audience may have to your position? Be specific.
· I have made vast research and supported my speech with AV/Aids and other references for my arguments that are researched and proved.
17. What method(s) of reinforcing your central idea do you used in the conclusion? I reiterated the main points and then made a call to action for the audience.
18. What method(s) of reinforcing your central idea do you use in the conclusion?"
· I will conclude by Making a Dramatic Statement.
Distinguished guests, ladies, and gentlemen. Today I seek to address an issue that has been here with us from one generation to another. It is common to switch on the television and see a campaign to aid children in Africa who live in abject poverty, walk on the streets, and meet a homeless man or woman. Poverty is an issue that every political leader promises to address in both developed and underdeveloped countries. However, do you ever wonder why poverty increases in areas that have been historically poor? Does it concern you that those neighborhoods that were poor when you were a young boy or girl are still the poorest to date? It is not that the poor don’t work, but we all know that in the capitalist society we live in today, to get a good education you need money, to get proper sanitation you need more money a good health care you need insurance (Smeeding et. al.,1990). Even to start a business, you need to own something so that the banks can consider giving you a loan. I am here today to remind us all that poverty is because of the inequality that we promote by making the fundamental rights of sections of society inaccessible. We can confidently state that increased inequality in society causes poverty. However, the good news is that just like any man made inequalities, it can be overcome and eradicated through the collective actions of individuals.
Let’s get started talking about the inequality of poverty with a quote from a woman living in poverty in Bolivia. She said, “Poverty is a disease that eats you not just from the outside but also from the inside” (Picture 1). It is painful that the poorest who are the majority in the world are also the same people with the least access to health, education and other social services (Murali, 2004). It is the ordeal that billions of people around the world have to live with every day of their life. They suffer and die from diseases such as Malaria and measles that no one in the 21st century should be dying from. It is because; the minority holds the resources needed to access these basic social needs in society. The owners and shareholders of the pharmaceutical corporations are the ones controlling the prices of such drugs yet it is not their children, mothers, sisters, or brothers suffering from the ailments. The world has been left under the control of the merchants who are the owners of the resources and means of production and hence do what is necessary to make sure that the poor remain poor.
We live in a society where the wealthier you are; the more the political and economic policies are bound to benefit you. Imagine a country that spends more money to finance a war in a foreign country than they spend in the education of the public. It had happened in America before during the Vietnamese War where the military spent billions in financing the war yet the African American people remained without access to education (Smith & Stephen, 2005). There were no good educational and health policies that could benefit those from the lower socioeconomic strata. It continues to happen today with the plans we hear around the world focused on making the rich richer and the poor forgotten. They call it a vicious cycle of poverty, but I call it a vicious cycle of inequality.
In a report on World Social Situation: The Inequality Predicament by the United Nations Poverty Social Policy and Development Division, it states that poverty alleviation efforts cannot be sustainable and successful unless there is equality (Undesadspd.org, 2015).. There is the need to ensure that individuals access equal opportunities to resources and access to basic social services such as education. Globally, over 1 billion people live below the poverty lines just indicate the high levels of inequality in society. Inequality in every form not only impairs the growth and development of the corporation but also increases the levels of poverty.
Corruption in every respect is one of the worst forms of inequality among the developed and the developing nations. Poverty is a consequence of corrupt policies makers and corrupt systems of governance. Imagine a project meant to cost the taxpayer a certain amount of money inflated to serve the interest of certain individuals and hence costs the nation more money. Projects gave in a fraudulent manner to contractors that have no interests of the public at heart, making them unsustainable and not attaining the desired objectives. It leads to an extreme form of inequality and subsequently leads to increased poverty among the taxpayers and the society in general (Sarah, 2009).
In short, time has come to see poverty for what it is. It is a typical outcome of unfairness, inequity, and lack of opportunities. Imagine being born in an environment where you cannot access food, education, or health by the mere virtue that you were born in a disadvantaged family. Imagine a situation where you cannot even access a simple job without engaging in corruption through bribery, tribalism, or nepotism. Imagine living in an environment where you are paid less than 2 dollars in a day yet the government expects you to take a health insurance to access good healthcare. Failing to offer people opportunities is like expecting your child to acquire language fluency one day yet you lock them in a room and have never spoken to him or her. Therefore, poverty can only be eradicated through providing equal access to opportunities and social services to all individuals regardless of their background. I now call upon every one of us to go out there and take part in community empowerment programs, advocacy, and campaigns so as to give the voiceless a voice and together fight inequality for a poverty free society (Globalpovertyproject.com, 2015).