In the contemporary society, the debate
on the cl...
In the contemporary society, the debate
on the climate change and global warming has become a cause of disagreement
among states, individuals, corporations and in the international community. An
issue has more often than not caused a scare among scientists and the
environmentalists with some of the stakeholders putting interventions to curb
it. Climate change & Global Warming is the increased rise in the average temperature
of the earth surface. Multiple studies indicate that the climate system of the
world is warming and the temperatures going higher. With the increased
scientific consensus of the apparent global warming, the chances for the
ecosystem to adapt naturally are diminishing. There is a global scare and
belief that climate change because of global warming is the biggest scare that
is facing the planet and humanity. As a result of global warming, the climatic
patterns have also changed resulting to extremities in the weather patterns.
The situation worsened by the fact that evidence points to human activity as
the primary cause of global warming that subsequently leads to climate change. The
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) indicated that the scientists
are over 95% confident that the primary cause of global warming is the
anthropogenic carbon dioxide and the greenhouses. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide
results from the human activities. The carbon dioxide collects in the
atmosphere causing a thickening blanket that traps the heat from the sun
leading to the warm up on the planet. However, there is widespread disagreement
on how to control anthropogenic carbon dioxide with some individuals citing the
advantages it brings and others presenting the disadvantages (Muscheler, et. al., 2005).
The increase in temperatures is the
primary effects of global warming that result from carbon dioxide produced by
human activities (Battisti
et. al., 2009). Other secondary effects of the warming up of the
atmosphere are such as the rising of the sea levels. The sea levels may rise
due to the thermal expansion of the sea or the melting of the ice from the
land. It poses a danger to aquatic life and to those that live closer to the
ocean. The patterns of precipitation have also changed tremendously following
the global warming. The total annual power of hurricanes has been on a notable
increase in the continued global warming leading to an increase in its
intensity and the average duration that it takes. Bearing in mind that there is
a correlation in hurricane power with tropical sea surface temperature, it
means that the global warming poses even more danger if not curbed (Christopher,
Human activities that result in the
emission of anthropogenic carbon dioxide have also resulted to extremities in
weather conditions. The global warming that results from the emissions has been
attributed to the unpredictable weather patterns and extremities. Some regions
experience extreme drought and famine leading to starvation in some countries.
There have also been indications of increased temperatures in some regions that
had relatively cool temperatures leading to the destruction of crops and
another plant. It threatens the extinction of some species of plants and foods
(DiMento et. al.,
2007). With low yields and destruction of food, there may be
effects on the health of the populations and the danger of under nutrition
among some areas.
An increase in anthropogenic carbon
dioxide means that there would be an increase in global warming that poses a
further threat to human life and of other species. United States Global Change
Research Program indicates that with increased climate change, there is a
significant risk of illness and deaths related to heat and heat waves. It also
indicates a risk of the transmission of diseases through water, food, or
insects. The social life of the populations is also under threat. It is so
because, of the possibility of alteration of some of the indigenous practices (Battisti et. al., 2009).
For example, those that live in the Arctic with the melting of the ice, they
may find themselves having to change their social activities to adapt to the
change. Additionally, with the destruction of indigenous crops it may change
the economic and social activities of such groups to adjust to the change.
The anthropogenic carbon dioxide has
its advantages. It is because of the activities that individuals engage in that
lead to their emissions. Some of the carbon dioxides emitted in a greenhouse
that are a crucial way to ensure high-yielding of foods. An invention holds
great promise to the food security of the population since it offers an
opportunity to control the conditions of the crops resulting in higher yields.
The greenhouses have made it possible to produce food even in the driest and
areas facing adverse weather thus saving millions of lives from starvation.
Moreover, some other activities such as the production of alternative energy
that results in an emission of the gasses are unavoidable. Some of the
technologies are an integral part of human survival and great significance to
making the life of individuals better (DiMento
et. al., 2007).
Global warming has catastrophic effects
on the human survival if not controlled. It is also caused majorly by the human
activities because of technological advancements. However, some of the
activities are an integral part in the survival of people and hence
unavoidable. It is, therefore vital that the international community comes
together to come up with regulations or control mechanisms for the use of
technologies that result in anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. That is a
classic way to mitigate the effects of global warming that pose a threat to
human existence in the end if not mitigated.