What is the relationship between the
number of yo...
What is the relationship between the
number of young drivers and the number of fatal vehicle collisions in the
In the U.S., young drivers, who are below 20 years have an
increased rate of being involved in fatal crashes as compared to drivers
belonging to any other age group, with the exception of those who are at least
80 years old (Tefft, Williams & Grabowski, 2012). This paper aims at
examining the relationship existing between the number of young drivers as well
as the number of fatal vehicle collisions that take place in the United
1.1 Statement of Goals
find out the relationship between fatal vehicle collision in the United States
and the number of young drivers.
examine the cause of increasing number of fatal vehicle collision in young
people under the age of 24 in the United States.
find out the factors that increase the risk of fatal vehicle collision among
young people in the United States.
is the relationship between fatal vehicle collision and the number of young
drivers in the U.S.?
is the cause of most fatal vehicle collisions among young drivers in the United
increase in fatal vehicle collision in the United States is as a result of an
increase in the number of young drivers.
The Research utilized a quantitative research design, as it
recognizes less the researcher’s subjectivity in the study and focuses on the
relationships that exist between dissimilar variables. It also creates a cause
and effect in situations that are controlled.
2.1 Quantitative Participants
This research design identified 30 young people who are 24 years
or younger (mean = 20.5 years). Fifty percent of them were males, and the rest
were females. These young people were given online survey questions to answer
and submit them. The data from the survey was then recorded down for the
purpose of analysis.
2.2 Quantitative Instrumentation
During the research, a Likert scale was handed to the participants
in an online survey where they would record their responses. The responses were
then collected for the purpose of analysis. The following were the survey
1. Are young drivers the cause
of the increasing fatal vehicle crashes in the U.S.?
2. Among the young drivers,
which gender is most likely to cause fatal vehicle crashes?
3. Which one is the primary
cause of fatal vehicle crashes among the young drivers?
Cell Phone use
4. Which among the following
vehicles are mostly involved in fatal vehicle crashes?
5. What time do most fatal
vehicle crashes occur in the United States?
6. Is fatigue one of the causes
of increased fatal vehicle crashes among young people?
7. Among the young drivers who
are most likely to get involved in fatal vehicle crashes?
16 – 20
20 – 25
8. Are newly licensed young
people the cause of most of the fatal vehicle crashes?
9. Should the government raise
the age at which people can be allowed to drive?
10. Are the measures introduced by the government
effective in curbing fatal vehicle crashes?
After collecting the responses from the online survey, the
following was observed.
25 participants in the study felt that young people are the cause of
fatal vehicle crashes. Males were also found out to have more likelihood of
causing such accidents, with only 10 out of 20 thinking that females cause more
crashes. 50% of accidents were from Drunkenness while 40% from over speeding
and 10% was from careless driving. 23 participants thought that passenger cars
were found to be causing more of these crashes, whereas 15 of them thought that
most accidents occurred at night. 70% of the respondents stated that young
drivers of between 16 – 20 years were most likely to cause fatal vehicle
crashes, whereas the newly licensed drivers recorded a score of 19 out of 30,
as being more vulnerable to cause accidents.
The findings demonstrate that there is a relationship that exists
between the number of young drivers as well as the number of fatal vehicle
collisions that occur in the U.S. This is because of some of the activities
that young drivers engage in while driving such as driving under influence and
over speeding. In another study carried out by Tefft, Williams & Grabowski,
2012, it also shows that the use of cell phones while driving is one of the
causes of fatal vehicle crashes. The problem is attributable to many causes
such as the higher likelihood of a young driver to use their cell phones whilst
driving as compared to elder drivers (McCartt, Kidd & Teoh, 2014). This is
because the usage of cell phones while driving acts as a distraction while
driving. According to Wilson & Stimpson (2010), an increase in the level of
texting while driving seems to be contributing to the alarming rise in the
fatalities from distracted driving. AS As a result, the injuries that are
from vehicle crashes is a lead cause of the death amongst teenagers.
The U.S. government must develop better measures that will make
sure that people become more responsible drivers. It is also important that the
legal age for driving be increased from 16 to at least 18 years. This way, the
number of fatal vehicle crashes may lessen, as a result of lesser young people