When one mentions
engineering one ponders about machines or construction work but engineering is
a wide field with many areas to specialize in. Engineering is the solution to
global challenges through the use of technology and innovation problems that
seem insurmountable can be overcome. Like any field in science the issue of
ethics and moral responsibility cannot be overcome. Engineering work will most
of the time interact with the environment and this leaves a leeway for
degradation of the environment if no laws and standards of practice are put in
place. (learning, C,
engineers are regulated by regulatory bodies that set the standards of training
and operation. Educators, governments and engineer professionals are all responsible
for the smooth running of the industry. This paper seeks to discuss human
rights, ethics and standards involved in the industry. Human rights pertains
the rights of employees and the working conditions their work in.
The past decade has seen a doubling of
engineers and engineering projects undertaken. This is mainly attributed to the
increase in population and the cropping up of urban centers hence structures
such as roads, houses and bridges have to be constructed. Also there has been
an increase in the number of colleges and universities offering training to
engineers. Hence a need to produce engineers who can compete on a global level
while working in any country. (learning, C,
2013). The world
is continually changing like a caterpillar moving rubble from a construction
site hence an engineer has to be up to par to keep up with global trends.
Therefore there is need to improve the curriculum being offered in
institutions. The curriculum can be improved through incorporation of what the
market needs and regular updating of the course materials used. Also integration
of hands on experiential components such international exchange programs to
fully expose the trainee with concepts in the field before their graduate.
People now travel a lot and an engineer
trained in a particular country or region may work anywhere in the world.
Ethics, laws and professionalism pertaining engineering are mostly national
with few international ones cutting across. If an ethic applies in America it
might not be the case in Europe. This also applies to professional codes of
ethics where they may apply to a country or region. (learning, C, 2013).To
address this problem I would propose establishment of international codes of
ethics on engineering. This may be difficult to implement as it’s highly
challenged but taking small steps towards that direction may lead towards
achievement of these milestones.
The other issue is how an employee
establishes trust with his employees. Engineer Ah Chee the project manager for
Pkk explains to Ben of the tea problem. Tools such as wheelbarrows are lost
every night and the manager thinks the employees are stealing the tools after
work. (learning, C,
hired security men but this did not solve their security issue. Tea money here
refers to raising of the employees income so that they don’t steal from the
company. This he says is unethical and explains he won’t bribe the employees to
stop stealing from the company.
racism is a new term used in engineering due to the increased degradation of
the environment. This is traced back to unethical land practices such as use of
incinerators, landfills and construction of waste treatment plants. This is
normally done near human settlements which has adverse health effects. Also
such practices tend to most affect minority neighborhoods as the landfills are
mostly damped in poorly developed suburbs.
Another issue is remuneration of workers
who most of the time are paid wages that they have to live from hand to mouth.
Ulf had to construct a hydro plant the first in Genala where they had planned
to hire 25 workers to drive bulldozers. They had planned to pay the workers $3
dollars each day but the local from the ministry of energy was opposed to such
a move. He insisted their hire more workers and pay them $75 each day hence
there would be in a position to high more local workers to benefit the local
community. This shows how many companies would be willing to exploit their employees
and the local community by hiring less workers to lower the production cost. (learning, C, 2013).Also
the project manager agrees when he says that the employees should be paid tea
money to stop stealing tools from the company.
In conclusion the engineering field is
diverse and a major contributor to industrialization of the world. Professional
ethics should be established to ensure all players in the field meet the
required standards. Also competitiveness should be encouraged by training of engineers
who meet the world standards.