How to develop and create a sound argumentative essay.
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Have you ever read an editorial or column in the newspaper? This style of writing is considered by some to be one of the most difficult. According to the Pulitzer Prize board, editorial writing requires “clearness of style, moral purpose, sound reasoning, and the power to influence public opinion.” Since most of us do not have to churn out a weekly editorial or column, how does this apply? Well, these same skills are required of you every day. You argue points with your children, your colleagues, or possibly your spouse. You may try to convince your children of the need for school uniforms, you may be a lawyer fighting for someone’s freedom, or you may disagree with your spouse over who should do the dishes. All of these require “clearness of style, moral purpose, sound reasoning, and the power to influence public opinion” if you are going to win your argument. This article will teach you how to develop and create a sound, argumentative essay.
We could start by defining an argumentative essay only by answering this question, have you ever argued with someone? I assume the answer is “Yes!” and I believe that it was arguably a heated exchange of words but in a passionate way that both parties passionately defended their views. The usual way that such conversations end is by one party or both parties ending up frustrated and unhappy maybe because their points were not taken into consideration or perhaps the other party defended their views to a point where you gave up on the debate. Most of the time, if both parties were given time to plan well ahead of the argument, then the argument could have been smooth flowing and successful—the same way a writer should prepare before writing an argumentative essay.
Writing is very different from arguing on one since, with writing, emotional outbursts are avoided since these are the same intense emotions that lead to arguments. When arguments start, then no one listens to the other since no one believes the other person knows what they are saying, and it’s tough for one party to give in and accept defeat. Arguments between two drunken people are the worst and typically end up in a violent confrontation. (This should be avoided since it’s the leading cause of violent behavior in marriages) Strong feelings normally energize, and argument and writing help to provide a fair presentation of both views from different people regarding the same subject matter. I’d say written arguments are more civilized than one-on-one arguments since they look on evidence provided by both sides, rational and irrational proof in that case.
1. The best argumentative essays present information in a way that doesn't alienate your target audience
2. Provide plenty of robust and relevant evidence
3. Know what you're talking about. Writing an essay on faulty assumptions wastes everyone's time
As a good writer, the first and foremost step in composing a perfect argumentative essay is to plan a strong introduction, and this involves clearly outlining your main viewpoint. 10% when your Professor will be grading your paper will be set aside for your introduction, and you shouldn’t afford to lose these free points since you only need to clearly state what you are arguing for or against.
Your writing should be logical and organized, and the only way you can manage to do this is to make sure that you start with the main idea that is strong and this will ensure your writing is smooth flowing and no hitches will come your way as you proceed to write your masterpiece.
The next part is the body of your argumentative essay: This will be detailed since it’s the most crucial section:
A body paragraph that is strong does explain and proves your essay’s argumentative thesis statements, which are what you are trying to argue. These are the steps
Insert a topic sentence
A topic sentence is essential since it organizes an entire paragraph, and in specific, they do appear at the beginning of paragraphs when dealing with academic essays. The best thing to do is to make sure there is a strong connection between your topic sentence and your thesis statement; this will ensure that your essay is strong and coherent. If you should include an argumentative thesis statement in your introduction, then finds a way to include the same or maybe a keyword, if not the whole section into your topic sentence.
To avoid a repetitive essay that can be penalized, you may want to avoid sentences that do restate your thesis even if they do so in different words.
Explain your topic sentence
If you realize that your topic sentence requires further explanation, then you may be forced to add another two to three sentences explaining your topic sentence.
Introduce your evidence
Integrating your evidence, which is not limited to quotes only, but you can cross the boundaries and use graphs and various statistical methods that indicate strong evidence concerning a particular subject matter. All this is used to support claims that you have made in your essay, and this evidence should be introduced within your essay the natural way not using the evidence in the wrong way as if to pressure the reader to rely only on the evidence provided to make a decision. If you find it useful to use quotes, then you should be ready to use them appropriately, i.e., by making sure that you summarize the quotes in context and also to show the source by making proper citations. Using proper wording that is used in the event of introducing a quote can be: declares, asserts comments, explains, indicates, and makes, among many other grammatically correct words. Using these words should be used with caution because they cannot be interchanged, so based on the meaning you want to create, you can choose from that view. Here, we have an example for you:
Example #2: Edward P. J. Corbett, one of America's most distinguished rhetoricians, defines grammar clearly "as the study of how a language 'works'--a study of how the structural system of a language combines with a vocabulary to convey meaning" (111)
Insert and unpack your evidence
Insert your quotes or other forms of examples, which can include personal illustrations and other facts and statistical evidence as well. Explain in detail what your quote means and why it’s vital to your argument. You should use the quotes in 2 sentences maximum to establish a sense of credibility, and this means you have demonstrated that you are aware what the author is saying, but you indeed do not agree (it is normal)
Explaining your evidence
Make your evidence relevant to your reader. This is important because evidence that is not explained serves no purpose for the reader if the reader fails to understand what you have provided as evidence. Just explain to the reader in three sentences why the evidence is essential.
Insert a concluding sentence
Make sure to end your paragraph with a concluding sentence that reiterates how your paragraph contributes to the development of the argument as a whole.
Just a recap
• Insert a Topic Sentence
• Explain Your Topic Sentence
• Introduce Your Evidence
• Insert Your Evidence
• Unpack and explain Your Evidence
• Insert a Concluding Sentence